Article Index

2.2.6 Learning Control: The indicators

A successful management includes in particular the review of any development based on defined criteria and metrics. Therefore, the sustainability strategy contains 21 topics total of 38 indicators. The number of key indicators was deliberately kept small: rapidly with a few figures to give an overview of important developments. For a complete picture, it is important to look at the indicators not in isolation but in the entire system.

The indicators are linked with concrete and - where appropriate and possible - quantified targets. So that they are relevant for political action. An understanding of state and social actors about the path as well as the necessary measures is possible. The sustainability strategy involves balancing conflicting goals and to bring them as much as possible consistent with each other. For example, economic growth is compatible with climate protection goals if it is accompanied by efficiency improvements or structural changes.

In 2012 some indicators and associated targets were revised in the federal government. Decisive criteria were continuity and transparency. In this framework, individual some new objectives were included, for example long-term objectives with the perspective of 2050 in the energy / climate sector. Some indicators have been revised to increase inter alia their significance or to bring them in consistency with agreed objectives at EU level. To map the area of fiscal sustainability more intensively, two new sub-indicators were introduced.

The professionally independent analysis of the indicator development by the Federal Statistical Office in April 2013 shows a different picture. In the current indicators report "Sustainable Development in Germany" (edition 2014) 38 indicators show the current status of sustainable development in the areas of environment, economy and society. The indicators report identifies the extent to which policy objectives are met. More than half of the indicators have performed well in recent years.

The employment rate has risen in the group of the most successful indicators. In continuation of the current development the target set for 2020 can be achieved. In the same group we now find two indicators for public debt (government deficit and a structural deficit), where the set limits are met. In the second best group, the indicator of all-day care of the 0 to 2-year-olds has been added among others because of its improved development.

But the indicator for resource productivity has been relegated to the third group, while for example the indicator of freight transport intensity rose in this group. In the worst group the indicator for the economic future provision - based on gross fixed capital formation to GDP ratio - and the indicator the share of rail in freight transport performance are slipped. Unchanged among the worstare the indicators for debt, biodiversity and landscape quality as well as the share of inland waterway transport in goods transport performance.

With the key indicators for sustainable development, the German Federal Government wants to show every two years: Where do we stand on the way to sustainable development? What progress has been achieved? Where there is need for further action?